Woodworm and Deathwatch beetle identification

The big question is if the woodworm infestation is active, and the significance of the activity…..is it causing a structural problem. Many people think that a little woodworm will not cause much of a problem, this is true but over a long period of time, like under a suspended timber floor that isn’t vented,where there are low temperatures which will subsequently produce high humidities there will be, especially on fast grown sap wood. Timber is naturally hygroscopic, this means it will absorb moisture from the environment, so if the sub floor is wet so will the timbers.

Woodworm love and need moisture to survive if you can completely remove all forms of moisture there will be no woodworm, fact. Sometimes this will be impossible, so modern intervention will be needed, by means of targeted treatment to the damp areas. This is particularly the case with modern fast grown softwood timbers, these are particularly prone to decay and infestation unlike old oak heartwood timbers.

Below is an image of what a Deathwatch beetle looks like.

DEATHWATCH BEETLE IMAGE, woodworm survey wiltshire, woodworm survey wiltshireWhen monitoring Deathwatch beetle to see how much of an infestation there is, you will need to count and collect the beetles during the flight season and mark where in the building that they have been found or are emerging from.

DEATHWATCH BEETLES, DEATHWATCH BEETLE IMAGE, woodworm survey wiltshire, woodworm survey wiltshire

This is what the frass looks like, this is used to identify which type of beetle has been infesting the timber. Deathwatch Beetle frass looks like cream bun shaped pellets (see red circled area). These will also feel gritty when rubbed between your fingers. The emergence holes are around 3mm and as you can see in the picture there is plenty of tunnelling.

DEATHWATCH FRASS, DEATHWATCH BEETLE IMAGE, woodworm survey wiltshire, woodworm survey wiltshire

The below picture shows what Deathwatch beetle can do to a timber frame, this timber frame was covered in a cement render and had external defects which provided the perfect environment for the Deathwatch beetle infestation. This caused a severe structural problem, which needed significant expensive timber frame repairs along with lime rendering.

DEATHWATCH TIMBER FRAME, DEATHWATCH BEETLE IMAGE, woodworm survey wiltshire, woodworm survey wiltshire

This picture shows an infestation of the Deathwatch beetle, this caused a severe structural problem as the first floor lost complete lateral restraint because of the infestation to all the bearing end timbers at first floor level.

DEATHWATCH BEETEL BEARING ENDS,DEATHWATCH BEETLE IMAGE, woodworm survey wiltshire, woodworm survey wiltshire 

This shows the effects of a long term Deathwatch beetle infestation to a timber lintel, the bearing end was completely destroyed.

deathwatch beetle timber frame lintel infestation,DEATHWATCH BEETLE IMAGE, woodworm survey wiltshire, woodworm survey wiltshire

Treatment of Deathwatch beetle needs to be carefully considered, and it’s more beneficial to carry out targeted treatment to the specific areas only, as you have seen in the above pictures this is normally the bearing ends or where timbers are getting damp.

Resistance/micro drilling can be carried out to check the condition of the timbers, this can be carried out with expensive equipment or simply by using a long 3mm auger/drill bit. Obviously this will not be complete diagnosis but you use the drill to feel resistance, and that will aid an investigation into where targeted treatments are needed and the extent of infestation.

For micro drilling in Yorkshire to check structural timbers you can contact Bryan Hindle from Bt Preservation.

Woodworm-Common Furniture Beetle latin name Anobium Punctatum

The below picture shows an active woodworm infestation to the rafters in a roof of a property in Wiltshire.

woodworm rafter, woodworm in a roof,DEATHWATCH BEETLE IMAGE, woodworm survey wiltshire, woodworm survey wiltshire

Active woodworm (Common Furniture Beetle) emerging through floorboards.

woodworm emerging from floor,DEATHWATCH BEETLE IMAGE, woodworm survey wiltshire, woodworm survey wiltshire

 

Severe active woodworm that has caused structural defects, note the top of the floorboard doesn’t have hardly emergence holes compared to the underside.

woodworm frass floor,DEATHWATCH BEETLE IMAGE, woodworm survey wiltshire, woodworm survey wiltshire

 

Active woodworm infestation on an old fuse board in Wiltshire.

woodworm,DEATHWATCH BEETLE IMAGE, woodworm survey wiltshire, woodworm survey wiltshire

Active woodworm to the bearing end of a purlin in Somerset, this was caused because of excess moisture to the bearing end because of external defects.

woodworm infestation on a purlin bearing end,DEATHWATCH BEETLE IMAGE, woodworm survey wiltshire, woodworm survey wiltshire

Typical tunnelling in a timber by the Common Furniture beetle, this was on a bearing end timber in a property in Wiltshire.

woodworm tunnelling,DEATHWATCH BEETLE IMAGE, woodworm survey wiltshire, woodworm survey wiltshire

The below picture shows a moisture reading of the floorboard, the reading shows the timber isn’t at risk to decay.

woodworm moisture top of floorboard, sub floor survey wiltshire,DEATHWATCH BEETLE IMAGE, woodworm survey wiltshire, woodworm survey wiltshire

The below picture shows the same floorboard on the underside, the reading shows that the timber is at risk decay and will also promote the habitat needed for woodworm infestation to survive. This is why most sub floors that are not adequately vented will be at risk of fungal decay and woodworm infestation.  Timbers should be isolated from any dampness and sub floor ventilation should be checked and cleaned of any cob webs and debris, if necessary ventilation should be increased as necessary.

woodworm moisture under floor, sub floor survey wiltshire,DEATHWATCH BEETLE IMAGE, woodworm survey wiltshire, woodworm survey wiltshire

If you need a woodworm survey or treatment for an active infestation please contact us on 01225 769215

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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